Very edible indeed
If there were a distinction between vegetables one could eat raw and other that need to be processed, the aubergine would crown the list of the latter. Potato and pumkin following with dignity. Whether out of irony or rather as a warning, Italians call the dark vegetable ‘melanzana’ which could translate as ‘bad apple’. It is, when eaten raw, slightly poisonous and extremely unpalatable.
In Sicily the harvest period is long, originally covering the period from June to October. With modern alchemy the season is stretched even further and now almost covers the whole year, excluding the winter months. They can be dried in summertime and then prepared in winter. For those who can’t live without.
The aubergine is a quite easy vegetable to process. Acting like a sponge it sucks up surrounding liquids and flavors. They are notorious for absorbing oil. As said before, they cannot be eaten raw, but on the other hand, any form of heating does the trick.
Usually the aubergine is first sliced up and sprinkled with salt and left sitting for some time – from an hour on. The bitter liquid it contains will emerge and can, with some artless dabbing, be eliminated. This is a necessary step when you are going to fry your aubergines: water and hot oil do no like each other.
Make sure to remove as much water as possible before you start frying: it makes the boiling oil splatter, the results in soggy aubergines since the remaining water boils inside the vegetable. Try to keep the temperature of the oil under 175 degrees and take your time. Use olive oil to fry in.
Baking and grilling
Easy peasy: one side, then the other. Aubergine cooks quite quickly but do not undercook them. Avoid seasoning them in advance. A drizzle of oil, some mint or other herbs are enough to obtain Mediterranean touch. They tend to be better the following day, eaten cold.
Although it does have a proper taste, added ingredients usually take the honors. Perfectly aware of being on thin ice, a certain similarity with tofu comes to mind: they need preparation. Both have a quite neutral taste that allows you to build on.
The recipes are countless, most of them particularly tasty; even thrown against a wall it would make a good dish.
We are though going to stick to what Sicilians eat and serve. Most of them are easy preparations, if you can get hold of the ingredients. We will provide you with some alternatives as long as you won’t be telling you got them from us. Because when it comes to aubergines, the locals are a bit touchy.
Aubergine pasta - pasta alla Norma
Pasta alla Norma is said to be Sicily best known pasta dish. Notwithstanding the international acclamation and praise, it remains a simple condiment, featuring no more than tomato sauce and aubergines. Named after Bellini’s opera ‘Norma’ one might expect a trifle more dramatic dish. The true star in the recipe is probably the cheese: ricotta salata.
Fresh ricotta is left to dry in the Sicilian sun and sprinkled with salt. After a month or so it obtains an intense, pleasant and unforgettable taste. A generous grating may adjust a mediocre tomato sauce and even grant questionable aubergines benefit of the doubt. In contrast to better known and ready available Parmesan cheese, this product recalls freshness and has, notwithstanding its relative short ripening period, a lot of depth and character.
Since you are going to fry your aubergines, some simple instructions should be followed. Dry the aubergine well, rinsing away of the salt and liquid. Water is the biggest enemy of frying. Do not overheat the olive oil and take your time to fry. Some cut the slices in cubes, some don’t. It will not influence the final result as far as taste matters.
Norma is part of the tomato sauce family pasta, and prepared given to guests. Very much appreciated by friends and family, in Italy it should not migrate from that circle. Since it is going to be exotic for your guests, this adagio loses its validity. Make up to the scarcity of the dish by verbal adornment: how the saltiness of the cheese interacts with the almost sweetness of the tomato sauce, resulting in a rare sapidity, lifting the aubergine to levels that make you giddy. How the marriage of two ingredients -tomato and aubergine- is celebrated with pasta and cheese. You might want to play ‘Casta Diva’ from the Norma opera while your guests dig in. Look for the Callas version.
Apart from industrial made caponata, which is not bad at all, there are no two same recipes. Differences occur from province to province, town to town, door to door. Probably more than a recipe it should be considered as a preparation. Ingredients vary little, and the sweet sour effect is omnipresent, the difference lay in details.
Caponata is usually eaten cold, as a starter dish. Get yourself a piece of bread to mop up the sauce, and a simple meal is served.
750 grams of aubergine
250 grams of celary
250 grams tomatoes, tomato sauce will do fine too
150 grams of green olives
60 ml of wine vinegar
60 grams of sugar
40 grams of salted capers
Salt and oil
Fry your diced aubergine, celery and onion separately. Transfer the fried vegetables to a pan with olive oil, add the tomatoes, capers and olives. Mix the sugar and vinegar and add. Let the whole simmer for 10 minutes. Capers and olives are pretty salt, so do not overdo it when adding salt.
Some blanch the onion and celery instead of frying. Healthier quite all right, less tasty for sure. Caponata is also prepared with apples, artichoke and fish. An interesting touch is adding some cocoa powder. Avoid chili pepper and herbs. The complexity of this dish is, although it may sound erratic, very fragile. The true challenge is balancing out all the ingredients.
This is probably the best change you’ll ever have to serve some Italy on your table. Not all that hard to prepare, this dish has earned its stripes. Simply pronouncing the name makes people salivate and dream away. The name is a trifle confusing: it does not refer to the region around Parma and its renowned cheese but to the Sicilian word for wooden window shutters since they resemble the layers used in this dish. Eaten cold or hot, right away or the following day, they’ll never let you down. And your vegetarian friends can dig in as well. The vegan, I am sorry to say, will have to pass since it contains cheese.
750 grams of aubergine
750 grams of tomato sauce
250 grams of soft cheese (mozzarella, well drained)
100 grams of seasoned cheese (pecorino)
basil leaves, salt and oil
Cut the aubergine lengthwise, sprinkle the slices with salt and let them sit for at least a couple of hours. Dry them accurately and fry in oil (around 170 degrees when using olive oil). In a deep pan, fry and onion and add the tomato sauce. Season the sauce with a little salt.
Cover the bottom of an oven pan with sauce, then organize a layer of fried aubergine slices and top it of with cheese. Repeat till you run out of ingredients. The whole goes in the oven for 3o minutes at around 200 degrees.
Aubergine balls - polpette
I somehow feel sorry for proposing this recipe. As introducing innocent people to drugs, knowing they’ll never get rid of them. Aubergine polpette are tasty, quick and seducing. You can add what you have left in fridge. Polpette are the last call for ingredients with one foot in the trashcan. Let’s stick to aubergines just now. There are two distinctive ways of preparing them here. One is by cutting them up in cubes and boiling in salted water. It is fast and the bitterness is eliminated. The downside is the presence of the dark skin. The second method is roasting the whole vegetable in the oven. It is then peeled. Pretty easy too. No dark skin but a decisive bitter touch to the pulp.
150 grams of bread crumbs
150 grams of grated cheese. Use a hard cheese such as pecorino, grana or parmesan.
1 clove of garlic
Basil, mint, salt, pepper, oil
Mix the baked/boiled aubergine with the breadcrumb, cheese, garlic and herbs. Roll balls the size of a walnut. You may flatten them a little, in order to fry easier. Roll them in breadcrumb before frying for about 4 to five minutes in oil (around 180 degrees).